Even though this technique is gaining in popularity, there is a lot of information that a patient needs to know before getting dental implants. This includes information on the various types of dental implants available, their costs, how to care for them after they areplaced, and how to recover from a dental implant procedure.
Dental implants replace the missing root of a tooth and hold a replacementtooth or teeth in place. This helps to prevent further jawbone loss.The implantation procedure is prosthetic (artificial replacement) aswell as cosmetic.
People who have lost teeth may be unable to smile or speak because they are embarrassed. Tooth loss can also make it difficult to bite appropriately, leading to poor eating habits and other health problems such as malnutrition.
Following a dental implant, you may experience one or several of the following negative effects:
These adverse effects usually go away after a few days. If these symptoms persist or worsen, contact your dentist.
Dentist scan help with recovery in a variety of ways. Many dentists use sutures that dissolve on their own, which also eliminates the need for an additional appointment for suture removal.
You should avoid both chewy and hard foods like candy, nuts or potato chips for several days after surgery. Even after the implants have healed completely, you must return to the dentist every six months for check-ups.
The three most common types of dental implants are endosteal, subperiosteal, and zygomatic. Endosteal is the most common and safe method. Though rarely used, Sub periosteal comes next, and zygomatic is the most complicated.
These implants are the most common and are used to secure objects and resemble a screw. The surgeon will place something inside the jawbone, and dentures or a crown will be placed on top. For most patients to qualify, the post must be able to fuse to a sound, healthy jawbone.
Once the tissue has healed and the implant has integrated, the artificial tooth can be attached to the implant to match the natural look and feel of the surrounding teeth.
If the idea of having something implanted into your jawbone seems too invasive, you might be more interested in a less invasive option.
Subperiosteal implants are surgically implanted outside of the jawbone. They sitatop the bone but beneath the gums.
False teeth are attached to posts that emerge to the level of the gum tissue on a metal framework. As the gum heals around it, the structure remains in place. This procedure is performed if the patient does not have enough jawbone for an implant or does not want to undergo major oral surgery to add bone to the area. If the patient lacks enough jawbone entirely, there is another option to receive dental implants in this case.
In a situation with insufficient bone for a traditional dental implant,a long screw or metal implant can be placed into the cheekbone, instead. This is a good solution when a patient lacks adequate bonebut still wants a permanent solution.
Now that you are more familiar with the different types of dental implants, let’s talk about the surgical procedure involved.
Each patient’s dental implant procedure will be slightly unique,depending on a host of factors. One such factor that could impact the procedure is the number of teeth that need to be replaced. This willd etermine things such as time, cost and general complication of surgery.
Because of the location of the sinuses, implant placement in the upper jawcan be more challenging. The surgeon may need to perform a sinus augmentation, a procedure that raises the floor of the sinuses to allow more bone to grow for the implantation to be successful.
Some people have bone anatomy that makes it more difficult to place an implant. Lifting the gum to expose and augment the malformed bone can accomplishes this. This fortifies the jawbone, allowing for dental implant surgery. The area will be repaired and rebuilt with autogenous bone or some form of bone replacement.
Historically,the size of an implant was primarily determined by the bone volume'sheight, width, and length. Because of the mandibular canal andmaxillary sinus constraints, the dentist would choose longer implants for the front of the mouth and shorter implants for the back. The width of the available bone would also determine the size of the implant during surgery. Most dental implant companies offer a wide range of diameters and lengths to address various patient anatomy.
Many factors go into choosing the specific dental implant procedure your surgeon and dentist deem most appropriate for the patient.
Biomechanics, bone anatomy, lifestyle, cost and risk factors unique to each patient are just some of the considerations. Once these things have all been considered by the specialist, the dentist and the patient, Choosing a modality for tooth replacement is a very important process. This includes deciding whether the replacement is permanent or removable, determining the number of teeth replaced, and the planning the aesthetics. Irrespective of which procedure a patient might want to undergo, additional factors must be considered by the clinician These include: bone density, occlusion and the amount of force a patient will apply to their device. Implant quantity and implant placement can start to be planned at this stage.
During the planning stage, the dental specialist will also determine the ideal implant size for the site. Aesthetic considerations are also part of this important planning phase. Dental implants are intended to transfer loads to the bone and tissues surrounding them. The biomechanical load is determined by two factors: the type of applied force and the functional surface area across which the load is distributed. The active surface area of the prosthesis is directly proportional to the size of the implant. Thus, the desired clinical outcomes are achieved by combining fundamental science concepts with design and engineering principles.
Dental implants can be placed in a one-stage or two-stage process. In a two-stage process, the dental implant is placed, and then covered overtop with a metal cap and buried in the tissue. The patient then comes back to “uncover” the implant. The surgeon will then take the metal cap off and place a tissue-former or healing abutment atop the dental implant. This allows time for the implant to integrate into the bone, before applying any more forces during the healing process. A healing abutment forms the tissue in exactly the right spot, which creates nice aesthetic outcomes when it comes time for the dentist to place the crown.
In a single-stage procedure, a tissue-former or healing abutment is placed at the same time as the dental implant is placed.
Sometimes it is necessary to replace more than one tooth root in a patient’s mouth. In this case, multiple implants might be placed into.a patient’s mouth. A prosthetic denture then gets screwed into the dental implants. Although this procedure is more costly and requies several months to complete, the patient will be able to smile, speak and chew as they once did with their natural teeth. Implant retained dentures also allow the patient to taste their food, as an implant-retained denture does not have the palatal coverage required of a traditional denture.